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PV fed SEPIC Converter for BLDC Motor Based Water Pump Application

PV fed SEPIC Converter for BLDC Motor-Based Water Pump Application


Introduction:

We delve into the innovative realm of solar-powered electric vehicle (EV) systems tailored for water-pumping applications. This simulation model showcases the integration of photovoltaic (PV) panels with variable torque control (VTC) motors, coupled with efficient water-pumping mechanisms. Through detailed analysis and control logic, we explore how renewable energy technologies can be harnessed to drive sustainable solutions for water management challenges. Join us as we uncover the dynamics and performance of this solar EV system in MATLAB.

Solar EV System Overview:

The simulation model presented here showcases a hybrid system comprising photovoltaic (PV) panels, a variable torque control (VTC) motor, and a water pump. At the heart of the system lies the PV panel array, rated at 3100 watts, with individual panels rated at 250 watts each. The PV panels are configured into three parallel strings, each consisting of four series modules, to optimize power generation.

MPPT Algorithm and Control Logic:

To extract maximum power from the PV panels, a perturb and observe (P&O) maximum power point tracking (MPPT) algorithm is employed. This algorithm continuously adjusts the duty cycle of a DC-DC converter to maintain the PV panel operating at its maximum power point under varying irradiation conditions.

The PV power generated is then utilized to drive a water pump through a DC-DC converter. The control logic governing the converter ensures efficient power transfer and optimal performance of the water pumping system. By monitoring parameters such as PV current and voltage, the MPPT algorithm dynamically adjusts the duty cycle of the converter to maximize power extraction from the PV panels.

Integration with VTC Motor:

The PV-generated power is further utilized to drive a VTC motor, which powers the water pump. The VTC motor is equipped with a feedback control system that adjusts motor speed and torque based on the water pumping requirements. By harnessing solar energy to drive the VTC motor, the system achieves greater efficiency and sustainability in water pumping operations.

Performance Analysis:

The simulation model allows for comprehensive analysis of system performance under varying irradiation conditions. By simulating changes in solar irradiance levels, the model evaluates the system's response in terms of PV power generation, converter output power, motor speed, and torque.

Conclusion:

The integration of solar power with electric vehicle technology presents a promising avenue for sustainable water pumping solutions. By harnessing renewable energy sources like solar power, we can mitigate reliance on fossil fuels and reduce carbon emissions associated with water pumping operations. Through innovative simulation models and control algorithms, we pave the way for a greener and more sustainable future.

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